# Quasi Monte-Carlo & Longstaff-Schwartz American Option price

In the book Monte Carlo Methods in Financial Engineering, Glasserman explains that if one reuses the paths used in the optimization procedure for the parameters of the exercise boundary (in this case the result of the regression in Longstaff-Schwartz method) to compute the Monte-Carlo mean value, we will introduce a bias: the estimate will be biased high because it will include knowledge about future paths.

However Longstaff and Schwartz seem to just reuse the paths in their paper, and Glasserman himself, when presenting Longstaff-Schwartz method later in the book just use the same paths for the regression and to compute the Monte-Carlo mean value.

How large is this bias? What is the correct methodology?

I have tried with Sobol quasi random numbers to evaluate that bias on a simple Bermudan put option of maturity 180 days, exercisable at 30 days, 60 days, 120 days and 180 days using a Black Scholes volatility of 20% and a dividend yield of 6%. As a reference I use a finite difference solver based on TR-BDF2.

I found it particularly difficult to evaluate it: should we use the same number of paths for the 2 methods or should we use the same number of paths for the monte carlo mean computation only? Should we use the same number of paths for regression and for monte carlo mean computation or should the monte carlo mean computation use much more paths?

I have tried those combinations and was able to clearly see the bias only in one case: a large number of paths for the Monte-Carlo mean computation compared to the number of paths used for the regression using a fixed total number of paths of 256*1024+1, and 32*1024+1 paths for the regression.

FDM price=2.83858387194312